According to postulation by Bank of America, the De-escalation of a trade war could result in a weaker dollar and stronger global growth, which along with International Maritime Organization (IMO), changes to shipping fuel rules could raise Brent oil to $90 a barrel, Bank of America Merrill Lynch said.
“The new shipping fuel rules by IMO could result in the largest ever surge in middle distillate demand. The net result will likely be a large bump up in oil demand from the global power generation sector.” The IMO’s mandated switch, due to take effect next year, will require fuels to have a sulphur content below 0.5 per cent, compared with 3.5 per cent now.
However, prices could dip to $50 per barrel if the U.S.-China trade war hurts consumer sentiment, which could eventually lead to an economic downturn, the bank said in a note dated May 16. Oil rose to $73 a barrel on Friday, supported by a host of supply cuts and concern about further disruptions to Middle East shipments as tensions rise, and was heading for a weekly gain.
But oil inventories appear balanced, with supply (less Iranian/Venezuelan supply) and demand (less business cyclical demand) factors partly offsetting each other, it added. “With military tensions rising in the Middle East and trade tensions rising between the U.S. and China, we believe that chances of a tail event driving Brent crude to these price extremes higher than what option markets are currently pricing.” December 2019 Brent options imply only a 10 per cent chance of a jump above $90 per barrel and a 6 per cent chance of prices falling below $50 per barrel, the bank said.